Hypocyrta (Hypocyrta) is an epiphytic or semi-epiphytic plant from the Gesneriaceae family. The genus has 12 species. Homeland plants are the tropics of South America. Currently, hypocirrha does not exist as an independent genus and is included in the genus Nemantantus.
The hypocyte is represented by compact vines, shrubs and shrubs with soft flexible stems. Her leaves are small, oval, with a pointed tip. They can be smooth or pubescent, usually green. The length of the shoots ranges from 10 to 60 cm.
The flowers of the hypocirrh are small, tubular, with a greatly enlarged, as if swollen lower part. The plant blooms in June-September with bright orange flowers.
In decorative floriculture both flowers and hypocirrh leaves are appreciated - they are equally attractive.
Types of Hypocytes
There are two types of indoor floriculture.
- Hypocyte Coin or Coin - a miniature plant with low-branched ampel stems up to 15 cm long. Small pubescent leaves reach a size of 2 cm, oval, with a slightly pointed tip. Waxy flowers are red with a yellow lapel. A characteristic feature of this species is that the plant discards leaves after flowering.
- Hypocytosis Naked is a semi-ampel plant, sparsely branched stems which reach 60 cm in length. The leaves are bright green in color, juicy and smooth, up to 4 cm in length. Corolla saturated orange. After flowering, this species does not discard leaves.
Temperature and lighting
Hypocirrhis is photophilous, she needs as much light as possible, she does not need shading. In winter, it may be necessary to backlight. The plant can perfectly grow completely under artificial lighting, it is only necessary that it be bright enough.
The temperature in the summer should be in the range of 20-25 degrees, in the winter up to 14-16. A short-term drop in temperature to 7-10 degrees the plant can withstand, but with prolonged cooling it can die.
Humidity and watering
Hypocirrhoid needs regular abundant watering in the summer, they are reduced in the fall, and in winter they are monitored so that the earthen lump does not dry out at all. The lower the air temperature in winter, the less often the plant is watered.
Do not allow stagnation of water at the roots. The plant can withstand a single drying out of the soil - put a pot of hypocyte in a bucket of water for 20 minutes. If a lack of moisture becomes the rule, the plant will first drop the leaves and then die. It is important that the water for irrigation is not cooler than the temperature in the room.
High humidity is not necessary, but in hot weather or in very dry air, spraying will not damage. Instances with pubescent leaves should not be sprayed - place a bowl of water near the plant.
Fertilizers and fertilizing
In the spring, at the beginning of the growing season, hypocircus is fed every 10-14 days with full mineral fertilizer. In the summer, top dressing is reduced to once every 3-4 weeks. A few hours before feeding or the day before, be sure to water the plant so that the hypocyte does not receive a root burn. In winter, top dressing is completely stopped.
Soil and transplant
The plant will suit the usual purchased soil for violets with the addition of crumbs of red brick or coarse river sand. You should not transplant hypocyte annually - it has a weak root system and it will not bloom until it braids the entire pot with its roots. Do this once every 2-3 years, and take a small pot and do not forget about drainage.
Flowering and pruning
Hypocyte blooms on young shoots, it is better to cut it 1/3 in the fall. You can trim in the spring, immediately feeding the plant a nitrogen-containing fertilizer.
If you grow hypocirrh as an ampelous plant, pruning should be gentle, if you form as a bush - shorter.
The plant is propagated all year round by apical cuttings. They are best rooted in spring or summer. For cuttings, take well-ripened shoots with a minimum of four internodes (preferably more) and either put in a vessel with water, or rooted in perlite or light soil.
For successful rooting, you need a temperature of 20-25 degrees, high humidity and ambient light. To maintain the necessary humidity, cover the cuttings with a glass jar or a transparent film. Ventilate and spray daily. When the plant is well rooted, plant it in small pots of several pieces for greater decorativeness. Young stems for cuttings are better not to take - they are prone to decay.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
Pest spider mite, whiteflies, aphids and scale insects can annoy hypocyte from pests. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
With waterlogging, especially in winter, the plant may be affected by gray rot or powdery mildew. Treat it with systemic fungicide, reduce watering, stop spraying for a while.
Leaves and buds can fall from hypothermia, excess or lack of moisture. Adjust the watering and put the hypocirr in a warmer place.
In mid-summer, shading may be required on the south window of the hypocirrhoid if the leaves turn yellow. True, the reason may also be an excess of fertilizers.
Brown spots on the leaves may appear from irregular watering or from cold water, as well as from spraying the plant under the bright sun.
The biggest problem with hypocytes is the lack of flowering. There may be several reasons:
- Insufficient lighting;
- Too dense soil;
- Lack of nutrition;
- Warm wintering;
- No trimming was done.
As you can see, hypocyte is very demanding on the conditions of growth, but believe me, the plant is very decorative and is worth it to take a few extra minutes a day.