Ledebouria or Scylla is a bulbous plant belonging to the Liliaceae family. The genus consists of 39 species and originates from South Africa.
The genus Ledeburia combines bulbous plants, evergreen and semi-evergreen (partially falling) with smooth, erect, leaves collected in a rosette. They can be elliptical, broad lanceolate and lanceolate. Bulbs grow quickly and form compact groups. Ledeburia leaves usually have a silver tint and are covered with dark green or purple spots.
The bulb may be round or elongated, purple, purple or brown in color and, depending on the species, can be either completely submerged in the ground or on the surface. Bell-shaped or barrel-shaped flowers are collected in brushes of 20-50 pieces.
Types of Ledeburia
- Ledeburia Peruvian is a perennial bulbous plant with glossy leaves of dark green color and star-shaped dark blue flowers. Alba is a variety with white-colored flowers; Albida has pale blue flowers.
- Ledeburia Public It is an evergreen perennial plant with a purple bulb protruding to the surface. Leaves can be colored green or purple below. They are elongated and reach a length of 5 cm. The flowers are greenish, with anthers of purple color, collected in inflorescences of 10-20 pieces.
- Ledeburia Cooper is a semi-deciduous plant. Compact bushes reach a height of 5-10 cm. The leaves have purple longitudinal stripes. Bright pink flowers with a diameter of up to 6 mm are collected in inflorescences and are located on peduncles up to 25 cm long.
- Ledeburia Luteola has leaves covered with dark spots and yellowish stains.
Temperature and lighting - the plant grows well in bright light and in partial shade , but the brightness of the pattern on the leaves depends on the intensity of the light. Shading is only required at noon in mid-summer.
In summer, the best temperature is a little more than 20 degrees, in winter it should be lower, but not less than 12.
Humidity and watering - in spring and summer watering is moderate, you need to wait until the top layer of soil dries. In autumn and winter, watering is reduced. Ledeburia can not be sprayed, but it responds well to periodic moistening of the leaves.
Fertilizer and fertilizing - enough once a month in the summer to give the plant diluted 2 times more than the universal fertilizer specified in the instructions.
Soil and transplant you need a low wide pot, good drainage and ready soil for bulb plants. Transplant ledeburia as the bulbs fill the pots or when the soil is acidified or covered with salt crust.
The plant propagates by the separation of daughter bulbs during transplantation at any time of the year, and even bulbs without roots are suitable. You can sow seeds that quickly lose their germination.
Pests, diseases and possible problems
The plant rarely gets sick, its pests rarely disturb.
- Sometimes ledeburia can be affected by a spider mite or mealybug. Treat the plant with an insecticide.
- When overflowing can rot the bulbs.
- Excessively intense lighting can cause leaf burns.
- Lack of lighting will lead to the disappearance of leaf spot.