Growing lotus from seeds at home and caring for it
How to grow lotus from seeds
A home-grown method of growing from seeds allows the flower to adapt in an unsuitable climate. Such plants are more viable to drought or cold snap. First you need to choose the right planting material. To have a chance of success, you must have solid black nuts with the following parameters:
- dimensions - approximately 1x1.5 cm;
- pericarp - strong woody.
The seed must first be scarified, filed with rough sandpaper from the blunt end. Next, find the container - a transparent container: 90-120 cm in diameter, 25-30 cm in depth. For dwarf varieties, smaller containers can be used. Do not use wavy or square containers. Young shoots of plants can break, leaning in a corner. This will cause significant harm to the lotus.
After that, you can start landing:
- First take a small small jar. Fill it halfway with warm water (+ 18 ... + 25 ° C).
- Lower the seeds and wait. At room temperature, the first root will appear on day 5-6.
- 2-3 weeks after germination, lotus seeds can be transferred to a large container. Deepen them into peat at 6-7 m. The leaves should remain above the water. So that the root tuber does not float during the procedure, you can crush it with a flat pebble.
- Watch the growth of deciduous mass - you need to add water regularly so that floating leaves remain exactly on the surface of the water. If you drown the leaves - the lotus will die.
Seed germination in water
- The container should be in a sunny and warm place.
- Then the flower can simply be transferred to a summer reservoir or left in the format of a houseplant. The optimal time for the final transfer is 5-6 surface leaves. First, a little earth or gravel should be poured over the tuber of the plant.
Selection and preparation of lotus seeds
This item should be approached seriously enough. Carefully study the declared parameters regarding the size of the flower before buying lotus seeds, since the names of the hybrids can match, but length of leaves, roots and diameter of buds may vary greatly. Seeds remain viable for up to 100 years. However, the fresher the seeds, the better they germinate.
Lotus seeds are dark large oblong nuts, 1.5 cm long, up to 1 cm wide. They are very hard. Therefore, before germination, a scarification procedure must be carried out. In other words, this means breaking the waterproof shell of the seeds, otherwise the lotus seeds will simply rot.
One side of the seed is pointed, and the other is dull. From the blunt side, you need to open the outer shell so as not to damage the amniotic membrane. A file or sandpaper is suitable for this. The sawing process is a laborious task.
Prepared planting material will be placed in a plastic or glass container. It must be filled with settled water, since chlorinated water is not suitable for germinating lotus seeds. Water temperature should be from +20 to +25 degrees. Water should be changed twice a day. After about 5-7 days, a root and the first sprout will appear from the seed. A characteristic sign that the seeds are swollen and germinate will be their lowering to the bottom of the container. Those seeds that continue to float, most likely, have lost their germination.
After 2-3 weeks, the sprouted sprouts from the container are transplanted into a large container or directly into the reservoir. The height of the seedlings in this case reaches about 15 cm.
Seed selection and preparation
To avoid surprises, it is best not to buy seeds from unverified sellers. Yes, visually the "grains" of dwarf and ordinary lotuses are different, but even within these two types there are dozens of hybrids. And they differ not only in the shade of the flower, but also in the size of the leaves and the length of the stems.
Some household ponds are large enough to accommodate an unexpectedly large plant, but if there is not much space allocated for the lotus, you should carefully read its description.
At the initial stage of growing lotus, seeds are prepared at home and create a comfortable environment for germination.
Grains ripen in a box - the center of the plant. In the afternoon, they ripen in the warm sunshine, after which the flower turns (like a sunflower). At night, when the lotus closes, the heat inside remains at the level of 37-38 degrees. Due to the lack of temperature difference, almost all seeds remain viable.
They ripen by the end of August and beginning of September. In nature, the seeds sink to the bottom, wintering in the warm mass of silt and algae. If the next spring is cold, the flower will continue to hibernate. He can hack in a hundred years.
When growing lotus from seeds, they are harvested before the flower "releases" them into the water. If the plant is planned to be transplanted into a pond, they begin to germinate in the spring, so that they already hatch to establish a warm temperature. Lotus settled in an aquarium is grown at any time of the year.
Proper planting of the lotus begins with seed preparation. Pericarp - a black shell - protects from the effects of the world. It is because of it that the lotus seed can be stored for hundreds of years without germinating if the environmental conditions are not suitable for it.
To provoke the growth of a flower, you need to open the pericarp. To do this, rub it with sandpaper or scrap it with a knife. In scarification, this is what the process is called, one should be careful: if the core is damaged when the pericarp is opened, the plant will die. There is little chance that the flower will sprout without scarification: it is more likely that the seed will rot.
An opened seed is placed in warm filtered water. The temperature is kept at 25-27 degrees. Water is changed daily. After 5-7 days, the first sprouts will appear. Before biting, the seeds rise to the surface of the water, and then, when the stalk appears, sink to the bottom. Those that have remained swimming, most likely, will not hatch.
You should take an aquarium or a plastic pot without holes in the bottom, or another container with a volume of 10 to 20 liters, fill the bottom with soil. Peat can be used as soil. Sprouts should be planted in it to a depth of 6-8 cm. At the same time, be sure that the leaves float on the surface of the water. Sprinkle the soil with a thin layer of sand, then a layer of pebbles, pour water. The ratio of soil to water in the container should be 2: 1. The container is placed in a bright and warm place. And then it all depends on the quality of plant care.
Growing Lotus Seeds at Home
This method is ideal for our area, since it is in this way that it is possible to provide aspects of plant adaptation to the European area. Note that the lotus sprouted from seeds is much more stable; it tolerates summer droughts and even the negative effects of low temperatures.
For germination to be correct and high quality, you need to select the appropriate seeds. Outwardly, they look like nuts (quite large), always black. The coating is very hard, the height is not more than 1.5 cm, and the diameter of the seed is not more than a centimeter.
In order for the seed to germinate, it must be scarified.
- From the blunt end, where there is a fossa in the seed, a hard coating is filed. You can use sandpaper type paper, which will help quickly rid the fetus of lasting protection;
- After cleaning, you will need to take a fairly shallow dish. It is best to use a glass, but a plastic cup will do. The tank is filled with warm water, not more than eighteen degrees;
- Seeds are immersed in warm water, after which it remains only to wait until the sprouts “hatch”;
- After two to three weeks, a sprouted lotus forms, it will need to be transplanted;
- Transplantation is carried out either in a summer pond in the country, or in an ordinary pot for indoor plants;
- Immediately, earth or peat is poured into the pot, after which the surface is filled with water. Remember that water should cover the planting soil by at least 10 cm. At the same time, you need to make sure that the leaves of the plant are on the surface;
- Plant seeds are deepened by the rhizome by seven centimeters into the water (and into the ground), but the leaves must certainly be on the surface, in fact they must float on the water;
- As the plant grows, you need to add water, make sure that the plant floats on the surface of the water;
- If you drown sprouts with leaves, then the plant instantly dies.
Lotus Care Features
The main thing is to maintain optimal conditions for flower development:
- sufficient water level;
- the abundance of the sun;
- temperature not lower than + 20 ° С and not higher than + 29 ° С.
Growing lotus in a container
Domestic gardeners got the hang of placing the lotus in the ponds directly in containers, in order to cool off to hide the flower behind the house walls and take it out again after the end of the frost. You can leave the lotus in the pond, just covering it in the fall with foam. For storage in a room, you need to pour out part of the water from the pot, and insulate the plant itself with moss.
The pot should be placed in a cool place. It is impossible to water and in every way disturb the lotus. Make sure that the temperature in the storage location does not rise in the spring and the plant does not come to life ahead of time. In open reservoirs or large pots for an adult plant, it is enough to observe simple conditions so that the plant does not wither:
- soil level - from 3.5 cm;
- water layer thickness - not less than half a meter;
- placement of rhizomes in the center of the tank.
Lotus is a target for habitual gardeners - caterpillars or aphids. Insects can simply be washed off with water. It is important to do this in the morning. You can also use special drugs.
Be prepared that even with perfect care the flowers will not appear for a long time, and green “pancakes” will simply float above the surface. The first flower lotus owners wait 2-3 years. After withering and dying off the inflorescence, a seed box is formed in its place.
In vivo lotus grows in tropical climates. Therefore, the temperature should not be lower than +25 and not higher than +30 degrees. The plant is afraid of drafts. It takes a lot of light. Need high relative humidity. Often, to create moisture, whole compositions are created when a small fountain is placed in the reservoir where the flower grows to spray the leaves of the plant.
The soil thickness in the tank can be at least 4 cm and the water depth above it at least 50 cm. For round containers, the seedling is planted directly in the center. If the plant is planned to be transplanted into a pond, then its depth should be at least one and a half meters.
Pure water should be added to the vessel as necessary and make sure that the water does not become cloudy. Since it can be a breeding ground for pests and the spread of diseases in plants.
In winter, the water from the tank is partially drained, the bottom is covered with foam or moss so that the lotus does not freeze and does not die. And cleaned in a dark place until spring. Until sunny and warm days come.
Lotus flowers that are grown from seeds appear after 2-3 years. The older the plant, the larger the buds it gives. While maintaining constant optimal conditions for temperature and illumination, it can bloom year-round.