Mysterious wallota: photo, care for the fire lily
Many flower growers fell in love with wallot. For the shape and shade of the petals it is also called the "scarlet flower." This is a beautiful bulbous perennial of the Amaryllis family.
All its attractiveness lies in the colors, which can be bright red, pink, purple, salmon.
Vallota - a native of the humid subtropics of South Africa. A beautiful name for this flower came from the name of the French plant explorer Pierre Vallot, who was the first to give his description back in the 17th century. In a natural tropical environment, the plant blooms better in place of conflagration in the jungle.
So the popular name of the flower appeared - "fire lily." Perennial is characterized by narrow dark green leaves in the shape of a sword. All of them come out of the onion head and resemble a fan-shaped outlet.
The root system is represented by an oval brown scaly bulb. She has a massive neck, smoothly passing into the head. If you remove the upper scales of the bulb, you can observe a color change from snow-white to dark pink.
The appearance of wallota buds occurs at the end of summer. At this time, the bulb releases arrows with buds up to 45 cm long. Flower stalk can consist of 6–9 large flowers with a diameter of up to 8 cmresembling bells with six petals.
After a week of flowering, the formation of seed bolls begins. It is recommended to remove them immediately, so that the plant gains strength for subsequent flowering. Sometimes proper care contributes to the appearance of peduncles in the spring.
Several inflorescences can form from one bulb, which in turn delight the hosts for a month or two.
Vallotta has a trait that distinguishes a flower from all amaryllis: its leaves closer to the bulb are painted in a rich purple hue. Every year, babies form on the surface of the mother’s bulb.visible on the surface. Over time, they start up their roots.
Types and varieties of wallots with a description and photo
Initially, the perennial was represented by three species: a beautiful, purple valotta and a miniature (cinnabar). The modern classification combined the beautiful and purple species into the genus Cirtanthus.
Cinnabar Wallota passed to the Clivia clan. Since then, the names “wallota” (sometimes they write “valotta”), “cirtanthus”, “clivia” have become synonymous.
Beautiful Vallota (Cyrtanthus elatus vallota speciosa)
This variety is characterized by saturated green swept leaves. Their width is 2-3 cm, and their length is 30–45 cm. The heads of the cirtanthus in diameter reach 4 cm, decorated with 6 stamens.
One stem of the inflorescence can count up to 7 dark cream, orange or burgundy flowers. Buds appear closer to autumn.
Today many hybrids of Wallota: Alba with snow-white flowers, Magnifica with scarlet petals and a white core, large-flowered Major. Small flowers and narrow leaves at the Minor hybrid.
Purple Vallota (Vallota purpurea)
Unlike the beautiful species, purple cirtanthus is characterized by lighter leaves, smaller flowers, and bulbs. Its feature is that it can bloom twice a year with purple bells. There are up to 9 pieces of juicy-red tubular buds on one stem.
Grade Pink Diamond (Cyrtanthus elatus pink diamond)
Many gardeners love this perennial for its attractive pale pink nimbuses. On a flower stalk there can be up to 6 beautiful bells. The leaves of this variety are shorter, up to 25 cm in length. They delight with their light green color.
Vallota Brachiscifus (Cyrtanthus brachyscyphus)
This species is characterized by long leaves, stems. The flowers of dark orange color are very elongated in length, in buds they resemble tubules. The blooming of several fire lilies looks enchanting.
Proper care and growing at home
In order for the fire lily to become a wonderful resident of the house, it is important to observe the elementary rules for caring for an exotic perennial. It is important for this amaryllis, like others, to create an inert period, to the extent of watering, feeding it.
An important condition for the growth, flowering of wallots is suitable lighting. The flower requires its place on the windowsill or flowerbed.
Lighting and temperature
Vallota is a photophilous plant. She prefers a combination of diffused and bright lighting. Sometimes she feels good in partial shade, but there a beauty may not bloom. In the rest season, the cirtanthus needs less light, a light shade will do.
Attention! The power, the number of buds in the inflorescence of wallota depends on the degree of lighting.
On the open windowsills, the cirtanthus feels comfortable. Additional lighting is rarely required. The flower is comfortable in any direction of the window.
On the southern windowsill, it is better for the plant to install scattering screens so that direct sunlight does not harm the flower at noon.
During an inert period, the plant has an unpresentable appearance, so any place in the room is suitable for it. It is best to put the Wallot on the north side.
Vallota is not afraid of temperature fluctuations. In winter, prefers cool freshness, moderate room conditions. It actively develops, fire lily blooms at a temperature of + 18 ... 25 ° C.
When the development is stopped, the optimum trait is +15 ° С. The flower feels comfortable on the street. This makes it possible to drip it in the summer in the garden.
Important! Drafts, sharp changes in temperature are dangerous to the plant.
Soil moisture, frequency of watering
The life of a bulbous perennial consists of a period of active vegetation and a dormant stage. The irrigation rate depends on this. More water is required for the plant during the growth of inflorescences, the flowering itself.
Complete drying out or waterlogging of the soil should not be allowed: overflow leads to rotting of the bulbs.
The stage of active development requires stable support for substrate moisture. During rest, it is enough to moisten it once a week with a minimum amount of water.
As soon as new leaves begin to grow, the intensity of irrigation is increased. Most suitable rain or melt water.
Vallota is undemanding to room humidity, but in summer it will not hinder the easy spraying and installation of a pallet with wet pebbles.
Advice! Cirtanthus loves when he regularly wiped leaves from dust. It is better to use an absorbent cloth or napkin.
Active development, flowering wallots requires regular introduction of nutrients. You can use liquid complexes for flowering plants containing a minimum of nitrogen.
The product is diluted with water for irrigation once every half a month. From March to September onion plants recommended fertilizer "Effekton DC".
Sometimes you can pamper your cirtanthus with an unusual menu. Regular sugar will be an excellent top dressing.. Enough to sprinkle 0.5 teaspoon on the surface of the substrate around the bulb. The procedure should be performed every 2-3 months.
The brightness of the green leaves of the wallota can be returned by pouring it with beer with water. Only this needs to be done infrequently. Fertilizer of natural origin in the form of a mullein solution will not prevent the plant.
Reproduction and transplantation methods
Cirtantus does not require much land and large capacities. A transplant is used only when the roots become too long. Do this every 3-4 years in the spring. It is important to remember that fire lily blooms better in a compact container.
For bulbs, wallots select a narrow but high capacity. Too many children appear in wide pots, then the bulbs are chopped and bloom poorly.
Sometimes several bulbs are planted in a volumetric pot. It is important to consider that the distance between them reaches 8-10 cm.
Vallota soil prefers loose. A nutritious substrate sold in stores is suitable. You can independently prepare a mixture of equal proportions of sand, humus, turf.
To prevent the bulb from rotting, put a layer of drainage on the bottom of the pot. Chipped brick, pebble will do. The top layer of the earth over time can be covered with salt deposits, which must be removed. Transplanted a fire lily according to the following scheme:
- They take out the mother's bulb from the old pot, carefully separate the children.
- The gentle roots of the wallota are gently shaken off the ground.
- Inspect the roots, remove rotten, sprinkle them with ash.
- Install the bulb in a new pot.
- Gently fill with soil so that 2/3 or half of the top of the bulb is above the soil.
- Water the plant, put in a slightly shaded place.
- With the beginning of leaf growth, the flower is transferred to the sunny side.
Advice! You should not lower the bulbota bulbs too deep, so that later it is easy to separate the children formed on them.
Rooting Wallota Kids
Scarlet cirtanthus is most often propagated by daughter bulbs. They are simply harvested in the fall on the surface of the mother's bulb or separated during transplantation. They separate very easily.
Then prepare a mixed composition for rooting. The soil should consist of turf, deciduous land, sand, humus. The soil mixture is poured into small cups with holes in the bottom and drainage layer.
Children are disinfected before disembarkation, pesticide solution is added for half an hour. Then for several minutes they are dipped into the root forming agent. For each child use a separate container. A small bulbous wallota without roots is left a third above the soil level. They will slowly begin to take root. Adult formed bulbs will bloom in 2 years, when they are planted in permanent pots.
Some varietal hybrids of cirtanthus give poor children. Then they resort to dividing the plants: the parent bulb is cut into 2–4 parts so that each of them has a part of the roots. The incision sites are dusted with ash and dried a little. After that, the slices are planted in small cups to take root. A mixture of peat and sand is suitable for planting. Rooted cloves will bloom in 3 years.
Seed propagation method
Seed cultivation is rarely used. It ends with flowering only in the third year. Seeds must first be artificially pollinated. To do this, pollen from one flower is transferred to the pistils of others. Seeds in boxes ripen after 5 months.
Harvested seeds are sown in winter or early fall. Peat land with sand, turf, leafy soil is suitable for sowing wallots. Seeds are laid out in a moistened substrate at a distance of 5 cm.
An impromptu greenhouse is covered with a film. Then transfer it to a bright warm place. Regularly moisten crops, ventilate. Seed germination is observed after 3-4 weeks.
The consequences of improper care of the Wallot
If the fire lily is improperly looked after, then it can get sick. Most often, with excessive moisture in the soil, the head of the roll rots. It is necessary to immediately reduce the volume and frequency of watering. It is important to let the bulb dry to remove affected flakes. After eliminating the disease, watering can be resumed.
A young plant with weak immunity can infect fusarium. The spores of this harmful fungus are constantly in the ground. They attack the flower at high temperature and humidity. The fight against the disease is carried out by fungicides.
The plant does not bloom
In an oversized pot, the cirtanthus may not produce peduncles. Why does the wallot not bloom? The bulb overgrows with children abundantly, "forgets" to bloom. Another reason may be too warm a room for wintering. The following actions will help fix the problem:
- Bulb transplantation in a cramped pot, removing children.
- Providing a period of rest under the necessary temperature conditions.
- Placing a pot on a windowsill with bright diffused light.
If you regularly water the wallot and follow all the recommendations, then it will definitely please with bright buds.
Drying, falling of leaves of leaves
The normal state of the leaves is their slight wilting. Too high temperatures may yellow their tips. From a sharp change in temperature, colors may fade.
If the leaves fall after flowering, this is normal.. They are cut along with the flower stalks of the plant.
About flower parasites
Many insects do not pass even before the poisonous juice of cirtanthus. Among its parasites is a red spider mite, or scale insect. It infects plants that are too dry.
To get rid of the pest, use a soap solution. To prepare it, laundry soap is rubbed, water and a tablespoon of alcohol are added. Sometimes used for processing chemicals.
Using cirtanthus in interior design
Most often, the wallot is planted in separate pots. One container may contain several bulbs or one or two. Next to fire lilies of various shades, succulent ensembles look good.
These are bushes with thick leaves: aloe, Kalanchoe, dollar or money tree.
In summer, pots with cirtanthus are placed next to the original stones, wooden products. The plant loves fresh air. Often pots with bright bells are placed in flower beds and even hung out in flower pots.
Poisonous plant properties
Leaves, roots, even plant flowers are saturated with toxins. In the bulbs of the wallot, the highest concentration of toxic juice. The active substance is the alkaloid lycorin. Large doses cause vomiting, upset stomach, intestines, diarrhea.
If the juice of the plant gets on the skin, then it turns red, it begins to itch. All manipulations with cirtanthus involve the use of rubber gloves. After the transplant is completed, wash your hands, used tools with soap.
Attention! It is necessary to monitor children and animals so that they do not touch the plant.
Positive signs associated with the flower
The delicate texture of the petals, the bright appearance of the plant positively affect a person. It nourishes with vital energy, calms after a nervous day. A room with a wallot is filled with special calm. Family people quarrel less, better understand each other.
Bright flowers of the wallota are associated with passionate feelings, passion. A magnificent wallota fills the room with warmth, comfort. The nervous system near the cirtanthus is bouncing back.