Hoya: popular species with photos, how to care and make blooms
Hoya among flower growers is better known as wax ivy for the shiny surface of the leaves. The plant also differs in species diversity: the most popular are lianas, but epiphytes and ground shrubs are found.
In addition to evergreen leaves, hoya is appreciated for lush hemisphere inflorescences.
Is it possible to keep hoya at home as wax ivy
Comparison with ivy Hoya received for long creeping stems. In nature, they rely on trees hanging from them (epiphytes).
Despite all the beauty some gardeners are afraid to bring hoya into the house due to bad omens. It is believed that ivy brings misfortune, and therefore the liana provokes contention and expels people who are dear to the owner, especially men, from the house. But really Hoya with ivy has nothing to do, therefore, these signs are not supported by anything.
According to feng shui, the plant, on the contrary, creates comfort and coziness in the room. Belief in the ability to resolve conflicts explains its location in the bedroom or in the room where households gather most often.
The main types and varieties
Most varieties of hoya are creepers with dark leaves covered with a waxy coating. The average growth rate is 20-30 cm per year. There are also species with erect shoots, for example, Hoya multiflora.
Leaves of plain green color, oval-lanceolate shape. The most valuable are the flowers of waxy ivy. Each bud has the shape of a star with a diameter of up to 2 cm, and in its center is a contrasting core of the same asterisk, only smaller.
The buds are collected in umbrella-shaped or hemispherical inflorescences. On one vine, they can be counted up to 20 pieces. The color scheme and shape of inflorescences is the basis of the species and varietal differences of the hoya.
Beautiful, or Bella
Hoya Bella grows in the form of tender branches with elongated leaves. White buds are gathered with an umbrella of 9 flowers with a pink core.
Hoya Kerry - a vine with shoots up to 2 m, on which large leaves (more than 10 cm) in the shape of a heart and aerial roots. The flowers are white at the base, pubescent along the edge, and yellow in the middle.
Over the years, the flowers on the vine become darker.
Interesting! This species was first found by American A. Kerry in northern Thailand in 1911.
The meaty hoya has dark oval leaves, along the edge of which a light rim of a yellowish tint is noticeable. The stems become covered with rough bark over time. Pink flowers are fleshy, not blooming to thin petals.
Hoya lacunose is an epiphyte with rhomboid leaves on straight shoots. Needs the forced formation of the crown, because she does not curl herself. Inflorescences in the form of a white umbrella with red-yellow stars, from which a pleasant aroma emanates throughout the room.
The shoots curl, covered with oval leaves with silver spots. Fragrant greenish-white flowers can bloom almost year-round.
Also known as hoya carnosa. Its colorful leaves are also very unusual - a creamy middle, a green rim around the edge and red veins. Hoya flowers have lilac tricolor with a dark center.
Compact Hoya is distinguished by twisted leaves folding along the central vein. Inflorescences against the background of an overgrown crown seem compact. Flowers are painted in several shades of pink.
Streaks darker than the main color are visible on the leaves. Buds with a pink-tipped base and a pale yellow middle.
Leaves can rather be called soft needles, because they grow in the form of long tubes, pubescent over the entire surface. Beige hanging inflorescences hang from the shoots like bunches. The fragrance is lilac or vanilla.
An elegant vine grows in the form of long stems with narrow leaves forming a lush crown. Inflorescences of a pink shade with petals bent back.
The original shape of the sheet is in the form of a narrow strip with a bifurcation at the top. Single flowers are scattered along the entire length of the shoots. Their main color is white, and a small asterisk is cherry-burgundy.
It is a liana with dense oval leaves and beige-pink flowers.
Epiphyte native to the Philippines has fleshy diamond-shaped leaves and orange-yellow inflorescences with a honey aroma.
The flowering is plentiful, and the plant is unpretentious in care, it is easy to root it. Rounded leaves with small white specks. In each inflorescence, there are about 30 pink "stars" with small raspberry crowns in the center.
It corresponds to its name in size: branching shoots in greenhouses can reach 8 m, and leaves - 20 cm. The flowers are also large, 10 pieces in inflorescence. The large outer petals are fleshy, with pointed tips of burgundy color, and the core is beige with a fruity smell.
The epiphyte clings to any support with many aerial roots growing from each sinus. Leaflets are small, heart-shaped with dotted patches. Flowers with fleshy petals of beige and pink hues.
Thick-bore epiphyte with branching shoots and fleshy leaves. On a short peduncle, more than 20 snow-white buds with a sweet aroma are collected.
The bushy hoya is covered with thin colorful leaves and orange-yellow flowers, large petals of which are fully turned back.
On leaflets of this species, all the veins stand out in a bluish tint, due to which the effect of the tail of a goldfish is obtained. Beige and cherry flowers.
A fast-growing variety with long shoots needs constant pruning. The aroma of pink-orange flowers is felt even at a distance.
This species can be found, perhaps, only among rare private collections. Leaves with rounded tops have pronounced veins, and pearl-colored flowers in the evenings fragrant with a sweetish aroma.
Inflorescences of a yellowish-beige hue take the form of an almost perfect ball, for which the view was named. The shoots are well branched, covered with bark, and the leaves are long pile.
The leaves of the khaudat hoya are dense, reaching a length of 15 cm. The flowers are not bright, but stand out with long villi along the edges of large petals.
Hoya vayeti is a vine with fluffy wine-red flowers and odorless sticky nectar. It is necessary to give the desired shape to this species from youth, as in mature plants, shoots are lignified.
Creating an optimal microclimate and maintaining it all year round would seem to be standard requirements for plant growers. However Hoya care at home has important nuances.
It is recommended to contain the flower at a temperature of 18 ... 25 ° C. In winter, the appearance of the plant remains the same with a thermometer above 15 ° C. A lower temperature provokes leaf fall followed by a difficult recovery period.
Important! The beautiful Hoya does not tolerate temperatures below 18 ° C.
Favorable lighting conditions for the creeper from the tropics - near the east or west window of the apartment. In winter, when the intensity of sunlight falls, the pot can be moved to the south side.
Daylight hours for creepers should last at least 10 hours at any time of the year. Highlighting in winter is especially needed for species with variegated leaves. Varieties with a solid dark color will carry a short partial shade.
Advice! You can not rearrange (even rotate) the liana during the formation of buds. With any change in location, the hoya resets all color typed.
All types of hoya are distinguished by the shade and shape of the flowers. Each bud retains its attractiveness for almost 3 weeks, and a new one appears on the spot. Due to this feature, the flowering period often stretches throughout the summer. Most varieties exude a unique aroma at the peak of flowering.tangible in a few steps.
Watering varies depending on the type of vine. Most varieties with fleshy leaves are watered after drying the substrate by 3 cm. If the leaves are thin or with a pile, then they always need slightly moistened ground.
Bathing is an unusual way to stimulate the flowering of hoya:
- The pot is lowered into a basin with warm water (up to 40 ° C) for 3 hours.
- If the plant is immersed with leaves, the duration of the procedure is reduced to half an hour.
- After this, the vine with the earth is dried in heat under diffuse lighting.
Manipulation is recommended to be carried out in the early spring and in the fall to the dormant period.
Experienced flower growers note that regular spraying improves flowering and accelerates growth. During flowering, exercise caution: do not allow water to fall on the petals. Better for this period of spraying to replace wiping the leaves. This procedure should be carried out to remove dust 2-3 times a month.
Transplant and pot
Despite the fast growth rate, the liana does not have to change the pot annually. Quite the contrary: in a small crowded hoya blooms more abundantly.
It is recommended to renew the substrate and flowerpot every 2-3 years.
Advice! If you want to grow a hoya with a massive crown, the pot is picked up a little more, and the plant is transplanted annually. Then the liana will not bloom and will direct all forces to the growth of greenery.
The pot must be new. How much to increase its diameter - 5 or 3 cm - depends on the desire to get greens or flowers.
The transplant itself is carried out in the following sequence:
- Cover the bottom of the new 4 cm pot with drainage.
- Top to a quarter of the height of the pot fill with prepared soil.
- Install support if necessary. It is advisable to use metal arcs or grids that can withstand the weight of the green mass.
- Pre-watered for half an hour, remove the plant from the pot without damaging the earthen lump with roots.
- Transplant into a new pot and fill the free space with earth.
- Water slightly and, if necessary, top up the substrate.
Caring for the transplanted hoya is simple: reduce watering, protect leaves from sunlight and dry air.
Soil and fertilizer
An approximate soil composition may be as follows:
- peat, sheet land, river sand and humus in equal parts;
- universal soil, humus and loam in a ratio of 1: 1: 2;
- substrate for orchids and universal soil for flowering plants in equal volumes.
Important! The acidity of the finished composition should be neutral or slightly acidic.
Hoye nutrition is needed regularly during the period of active growth. (spring - mid-autumn). Among the ready-made solutions, you can stop the choice on fertilizer for succulents or flowering indoor plants. To replenish the composition of nutrients, two-time watering with top dressing per month is sufficient.
Hoya (photo) over the years will look attractive if, in addition to leaving cut the vine regularly - best in autumnwhen the flowering stopped.
The branches hanging from the cache-pot are cut in half. It also stimulates abundant flowering in the next season.
Important! After the buds fall, the peduncles do not prune. Next year, hoya forms new inflorescences on them.
Hoya propagation is carried out in any way available to the plant.
Propagating the vine with seeds is too time-consuming, and the result does not live up to expectations. Even breeders, trying to get hybrids, rarely find the desired maternal traits in their offspring.
But if you are willing to take a chance, then for seeds, prepare a mixture of fine crumbs of sphagnum and universal soil in equal volumes. The greenhouse is kept at 25 ° C, and the soil should be slightly moist.
Shoots will appear in a week, and the formation of 2 pairs of leaves takes another 3 months. After this, the sprout is transplanted into permanent soil.
Indoor flower over 5 years old is propagating stalk layering. The advantage of this option is undeniable, because a young plant will bloom in the first year after planting.
- On the shoot between the leaves with a sharp knife make a circular incision.
- The damage site is wrapped with moss. It must be impregnated with a biostimulant.
- From above everything is covered with a film.
- Soon, through the moss, roots will be visible.
- The cuttings are cut from the mother plant and transplanted into a new pot.
The material is prepared from the tops of the shoots during pruning. For rooting, you need to leave a few pairs of leaves and 2 growth points.
The cutaway shoot lies at room temperature for 3 hours, then the tip is sprinkled with a root stimulant. Roots appear both in a wet mixture of peat and sand, and in water.
Advice! To accelerate the process, activated carbon and succinic acid (1 tab. / 200 ml) are added to the water. A glass of water is covered with foil, which is pierced with a handle.
In the ground, the sprouts are covered with a film or a jar, periodically aired. The soil must be kept moist.. The average time to start root growth at a temperature of 22 ° C is 3 weeks.
After half a month, the sprout can be planted in an adult substrate, and when four sheets are formed, pinch the top to form lateral shoots. It can bloom only after 4 years.
Using the same technique as the cuttings, it is easy to root a leaf of hoya.
Diseases and possible problems
In most photos, the hoya looks spectacular, but when growing a grower, one has to face many problems.
It’s easy to find out why the hoya does not bloom. Common reasons:
- rest period in an excessively warm room;
- soil saturated with fertilizers;
- lack of light or pruning of peduncles.
If the air temperature is high and there is insufficient lighting, hoya leaves turn yellow. If at the same time they fall along with the buds, then the conditions of detention probably changed dramatically: the pot was rearranged or the liana was in a draft for a long time.
With frequent watering with cold water, the leaves become covered with unattractive light spots.
A deficiency in nitrogen fertilizers affects the plant by slow growth and small leaf sizes, especially in macrophyll hoya.
With prolonged accumulation of water in the ground, whole shoots of vines can die.
Powdery mildew. White plaque on the leaves, loss of tone, yellowing. At the first signs of damage, the leaves with plaque are cut off, and the remaining plant is washed with soda ash or potassium permanganate (5 and 0.25 g / l, respectively). In a neglected state, the flower is sprayed with fungicide - three times with an interval of 3-5 days.
Root rot. The foliage softens, and the shoots turn black. On the surface of the earth becomes noticeable plaque of white mold. To combat it, you will have to pull the plant out of the pot and immerse it in a solution of an antifungal drug for flowers (for example, "Previkur") for 3 hours. After that, plant the hoya in the new earth and pot.
Shield - brown tubercles with a red rim around. To remove them, local treatment of the spots with vinegar and subsequent (after 2 hours) removal with a soap solution will be required. Soap immediately needs to be washed off under running water or a shower, and then sprayed with the Aktara plant. Processing is carried out every 7 days for 3 weeks.
Whitefly - flying small insects of white color. Plant treatment is carried out with preparations of Tanrek or Lepidocide three times in 10 days.
Spider mite. Spider web threads throughout the plant, and on the lower surface of the leaves - whitish plaque. They are removed with cotton wool with alcohol tincture, which is washed off with clean water after half an hour.For several days, it is useful to wrap the vine with a film to increase moisture, which mites can not tolerate. If ineffective, spray the hoya with Fitoverm 4 times per month.
How to reanimate and make a hoya blossom
Before trying to save a dying plant, you need to find out the initial cause of the lesion. More often liana fades during hypothermiaexcessive watering or, conversely, constant drought.
In any case, a complete change of land and transplantation into a new pot will be required. For safety reasons, it is better to immediately put a small stalk or leaf for rooting.
Hoya can be bloomed in several ways:
- Do not transplant 2-3 years for cramped pot.
- Arrange a warm bath for the plant.
- Put the flower for 2 months for wintering at a temperature of 15 ° C (except for the beautiful hoya), sparingly water it and not feed it.
A tropical beauty will delight the eye for a long time if you make a little effort and create her good conditions.