27 most popular shade-loving indoor plants with photos
Many dream to plant a garden in their apartment, but not everyone has the opportunity to provide plants with suitable conditions. Often, the size of the housing does not allow to highlight the "green zone", where only flowers would be located.
Not everyone is lucky with windows facing the south side.
When the desire to set up a greenhouse in your home is great, but there is no opportunity to grow picky flowers, there’s only one way out pick up shady indoor plants.
Flowering shade-tolerant indoor plants
This is the smallest group of shade-tolerant plants, because for flowering you still need not a deep twilight, but a light zone of partial shade.
Known as Uzambara violet. A compact plant with a life cycle of 3-4 years is able to bloom almost continuously. Minus: quickly loses decorative qualities.
To rejuvenate the plants, the technique of rooting the cut top is used. The birthplace of violets is East Africa, its selection as a decorative species began in the 19th century.
More than 1000 varieties of begonia are known. For indoor breeding, root and tuber varieties are used. The most famous begonia varieties, distinguished by large inflorescences, were bred by Belgian breeders.
This flower is distinguished by its tolerance to environmental conditions, easily tolerates shade and does not require specific care.
A beautiful representative of the Aroid family. Very unpretentious flower with high decorative qualities.
It is distinguished by lanceolate dark green leaves without a stem (the leaf plate opens from the root), against which large white flowers look bright and unusual.
He likes high humidity, so try not to allow the earth to dry out in a pot and regularly spray spathiphyllum, but do not wet the peduncles.
Bright and non-standard plant belonging to the genus Bromeliad. A distinctive feature of the flower is its colorful peduncle, similar to a feather of a fairytale bird, and a large rosette formed by dark green elongated leaves.
Vriesia can bloom in partial shade, but it requires a fairly high humidity and temperature of about 22 ° C.
Attention! Most often, the flowering period occurs in the summer, but under favorable conditions, vriesia may bloom earlier.
Belongs to the Amaryllis family. Naturally found in the humid subtropics of South Africa. A characteristic feature is a large developed rosette formed by powerful dark leafy plates and a strong peduncle, on which bright flowers resembling an umbrella are revealed.
Typically, the plant blooms in late February and March, but under favorable conditions it can produce buds 2 times a year. Clivia does not require special care: ambient light and regular watering are sufficient.
The Gesnerius family includes more than 130 species, and streptocarpus is its bright representative. As an ornamental plant, streptocarpus began to be bred in the 19th century.
The flower is a rosette formed by long lanceolate leaves. The leaf plates themselves are quite wide and very pubescent. The stem is short, and the peduncle grows from the leaf sinuses.
It can bloom both in single flowers and in bunches. In winter, the plant has a short dormant period, and flowering begins from spring to autumn.
This orchid got its name in honor of the famous English collector of orchids Milton. Very beautiful variety, on the basis of which several hybrids were bred.
It blooms regularly, easily transfers life on the windowsill of the northern window. Needs high humidity and regular watering. It is good to put a container of water near the miltonia and periodically spray orchid leaves.
It differs in the unusual shape of the corollas - they seemed to droop, lowering their heads. Large leafy plates on long petioles grow from a large tuberous root. The leaves are spotted in a dark green frame.
A perennial flower, able to bloom for several years without losing its beauty. But for well-being, the plant needs a cool atmosphere: in a hot room, cyclamen will begin to drop foliage, and there will be no talk of flowering.
This popular flower received its name in honor of a German doctor and an enthusiastic botanist Leonard Fuchs.
The evergreen perennial shrub of the Cypriot family has the popular name "gypsy earrings". There are many varieties of fuchsia, the color of the flowers differs from grade to grade.
But the shape of the leaf plate and its color do not change: the dark green leaves are elongated oval in shape with reddish petioles. Flowers can be non-double, double, semi-double and thick double, and their color - from cream-white to deep purple.
For growing in an apartment, ampelous (falling) varieties of fuchsia are most often used, and for growing in a garden or a greenhouse, bush or semi-ampel varieties are chosen.
Decorative leafy shade-tolerant plants
This group is more diverse than the previous one, it includes the most shade-tolerant indoor plants. After all, it is much easier to form a thick leafy crown than a bud.
A hardy and unpretentious plant is suitable for both the bedroom and the kitchen. Chlorophytum is able to survive even in the office room without access to natural sunlight, the main thing is to grow a plant in this place from the very beginning.
Undemanding, tolerates periods of drought, if it is forgotten to water.
There are many varieties of flower that differ in the color of leaf blades.
Attention! The plant produces air sockets and propagates vegetatively.
Belongs to the family of Asparagus, differs in the absence of a stem: long (can grow up to a meter in height) lanceolate leaves open immediately from the root.
By the number of patterns on the leaves - the undisputed champion among shade-tolerant plants. Tolerant to growing conditions, will persist even a deep shadow - the "pike tail" is suitable for the hallway.
Attention! Without access to natural light, the color of the leaves will be noticeably paler than that of plants located in the area of diffuse lighting.
In the natural habitat (Japan, China, the Himalayas), the aucuba can reach impressive sizes up to 3 meters in height. But at home, it usually does not grow larger than 1 meter (and such and such a size is a rarity).
Aucuba is a beautiful bushy evergreen plant with noticeable golden dots on the leaves. It grows intensively, has a long life cycle, one bush can exist quietly for 10 years. Easily tolerates shadow and partial shade, undemanding in care.
A very easy-to-care plant: regular watering is the only condition for successful flower cultivation. She easily transfers life in the shade away from the window and does not lose the intense color of the foliage.
Leaves are the main decoration of the arrowroot, they can be either oval or elongated with an original pattern of stripes.
Attention! In the conditions of room selection, the arrowroot practically does not bloom.
The leaf plates of the aspidistra resemble lilies of the valley, often they are as if sprinkled with silver pollen, but when the flower is located in deep shadow, the pattern gradually disappears.
There are no stems in the plant, the leaves open immediately from the aerial part of the flower. It has a developed root system, but grows very slowly and does not bloom in home growing conditions.
The representative of the Fern family perfectly transfers life in the shade. It is widely believed that absolutely all ferns tolerate shade well, but in fact this is not so.
The main difficulty in breeding a multi-row house is to create a suitable cool atmosphere for it. In summer, the temperature should not rise above +20 ° C, and in winter it is optimal to maintain +10 ° C.
Aglaonema is changeable
Aglaonema belongs to the Aroid family and is a perennial evergreen plant with upright stems on which elongated lanceolate leaves grow.
In an apartment does not grow more than 1 meter. It features high decorative qualities.
These are plants with curly or creeping shoots, many of them shade-loving and unpretentious, suitable for growing in shaded areas of the apartment or at some distance from the window.
Its name can be translated from Greek as "ivy-like tree." Belongs to the Aroid family, it is often confused with another representative of this species - epipremnum. Scindapsus is a vine with beautiful unfolded, not very large leaves.
Often sheet plates have a pattern of light stripes and dots. It does not require either high humidity or a special temperature regime.
Indoor ivy (Heder)
Possessing high esthetic characteristics, ivy is not too picky about leaving. A standard room temperature of 22 ° C is suitable for him, high humidity and high light are not required - on the contrary, direct sunlight is undesirable.
Its medium-sized carved leaves growing on long stems are very beautiful. There are several color options for sheet plates. From ivy, you can create decorative lively compositions and let him whip right on the walls.
All that is needed to grow a tradescantia is regular watering. A beautiful motley plant has several color options for a leaf plate from light green to purple.
Tradescantia belongs to the Kommelinov family; among the people it was awarded the interesting name "saxifrage".
It is part of the Vinogradov family and is a fairly large vine. In the natural habitat, it can grow up to 50 meters, and when grown in an apartment, it is recommended that it be regularly trimmed to a length of 3 meters.
It is undemanding in care, but needs bright diffused lighting, so you need to grow it near the window.
Palm and large
Such plants feel great in spacious rooms, they are ideal for decorating offices and conservatories. But also in palm trees take root well at home.
It is part of the Mulberry family, received the name due to its juice, which contains a lot of rubber. A popular plant for growing in apartments.
It is characterized by an unpretentious disposition, it can grow perfectly even with a lack of sunlight. It has beautiful large leafy plates with a glossy sheen, can grow up to 1.5–2 meters, branches well, but also looks very good when grown in a single stem.
Unlike his relative, a rubber-bearing ficus, is moody. He likes well-lit places, but does not tolerate direct sunlight. Prefers good air circulation, but is afraid of drafts.
He needs an average air temperature, about 20 ° C, and high humidity. Ficus is regularly sprayed and watered at least 2 times a week.
It features a developed branched crown, strewn with small pointed leaves. The color of leaf blades varies from light green to dark emerald.
A popular plant in the Asparagus family. For indoor cultivation, flower lovers can choose several varieties: bush dracaena, semi-bush or tree-like.
All varieties prefer well-lit places without direct sunlight, moderate temperature and humidity. Look great both in the office and at home.
It is part of the Aroid family, in natural conditions it reaches impressive sizes, which is why it got its name (from Latin monstrum - “a miracle, an incredible thing”).
Monstera has large leathery leaves with round cuts. This liana willingly releases aerial roots, is not limited in growth, even in an apartment it can grow into a giant plant.
It easily tolerates life in a shady room; it does not have special requirements for temperature and humidity. Needs regular watering, but in winter, moisture must be reduced.
This artificially bred liana is not found in wildlife. The authors of this “botanical miracle” were the Lizi brothers, who in 1912 bred a new plant, taking Japanese fatsia and heder as a basis.
Large leaves of Fatsheder combine the characteristics of the mother plants (shape and color). Liana prefers well-lit places, but without direct sunlight, when choosing a place to install the pot, this should be taken into account.
Otherwise - a bamboo palm. It is distinguished by a large number of trunks that have an external resemblance to bamboo stems. It does not tolerate direct sunlight, preferring partial shade.
Hamedorea does not like warm rooms too much, in summer the temperature of about 20 ° С will become the limit of her endurance, and in winter it is optimal to maintain +15 ° С. It prefers high humidity and heavy watering.
For growing in an apartment, rape low is most often chosen. An unpretentious plant will not be damaged by a small amount of direct sunlight. It is worth attentive to watering: rape does not tolerate both a lack of moisture and its stagnation in the pot.
Indoor ferns are beautiful and unpretentious, so they are often found in apartments and houses. For the successful cultivation of most types of ornamental ferns several conditions must be observed:
- buy the right pot;
- choose soil;
- observe the watering regime.
In most cases, the climate of the apartment is not suitable for conifers, because the houses are too warm. For indoor cultivation, only a few varieties are suitable:
- Norfolk pine;
- Japanese and Himalayan cedars;
But you can still grow them. They prefer bright diffused light, humid air and regular watering.
Arrangement of flowerpots
Most shade-loving indoor plants cannot tolerate direct sunlight., so they should be placed at some distance from the window, but not pushing into a very dark corner. This is especially true for flowering pets.
The procedures are as follows:
- Choosing a place where direct sunlight will not fall on the crown.
- In summer and spring, it is important to additionally shade the plants.
- Compliance with the watering regime, because without direct sunlight, moisture from the pot evaporates more slowly. It is important not to fill the flower.
- Carefully select the soil: it should provide the plant with all the necessary nutrients and trace elements.
- Feed on time.
Options for designing an apartment using shade-loving plants
Designers offer various design options for living space, taking into account the characteristics of shade-loving plants. On sites dedicated to design, there are names and photos with options for the location of flowerpots.
Often flower pots are placed in the window area, but you can play with space, creating hedges of flowers and thus zoning rooms.
Shade-loving plants are ideal for apartments whose windows do not face south.