Florarium with succulents - 5 interesting ideas and step-by-step instructions
Many residents of megacities refuse potted plants, because they believe that they will not be able to devote proper attention and time to them, because the rhythms of the modern city are truly swift.
Often hours in a day are not enough for food, not to mention caring for plants. But there is a solution - a wall-mounted florarium with succulents or its desktop version.
For true connoisseurs - a mini-florarium with mosses.
The concept of florarium
Florarium, or, in other words, a “garden in a bottle” is an independent ecosystem that exists in a terrarium or a plastic transparent container.
Florariums come in the most incredible geometric shapes and sizes, mini florariums are very popular, as well as an incredible closed system - a closed florarium, which does not require human intervention at all.
Pick up flowers for the florarium is not difficult. The main thing, choose plants with similar living conditions. In an apartment, such an eco-terrarium with plants can become a breath of fresh air in the literal and figurative sense.
Types of Florariums
The idea of keeping plants in a closed container with transparent walls is not new. This method of growing tropical plants, which did not fit the colder climate of England, was practiced by Nathaniel Ward in the 18th century.
The creation of an enclosed space was dictated by practical necessity - heat-loving plants simply did not survive in harsh climates, and had to experiment with the conditions of detention in order to conduct research activities.
But soon closed gardens became the adornments of fashionable salons and rich houses - To have a florarium with an orchid was considered chic.
Today, the florarium is not only a box. There are many different forms of cactus mini-gardens. In general, they can be divided into:
- Opene. In them, if necessary, a person can get.
- Closed. Closed ecosystem isolated from the outside world.
Open florariums differ in geometry and size, while closed florarias are most often small.
In addition to two types of florariums can be:
- wall, hanging and desktop;
- with and without backlight;
- Florarium with imitation of water;
- florarium bonsai;
- very large and very tiny.
Create your own florarium
There are a lot of options for how to make a florarium with your own hands, especially since on the Internet you can even find ready-made drawings with sizes and step-by-step instructions for execution.
But the easiest way to use ready-made aquariums or other glass containersoriginally having a different purpose.
In an aquarium or round vessel
One of the easiest solutions is smash the florarium in an old aquarium, which probably will be at home or with friends.
You can buy a new tank, especially if you want a tank of an unusual shape, but a former fish house is also suitable for a start.
The advantages of such a florarium:
- Small size (for starters, taking a tank of more than 10 liters is not worth it).
- It can accommodate not only small plants, but also quite large specimens.
- The size of the container allows you to take care of each plant and carry out drip irrigation with a pipette or from a syringe.
In a large high bank (for beginners)
The option with a large glass jar is more profitable than the option with an aquarium (you do not have to spend money on buying a container). There is a three-liter jar in any house, but as a test option it is optimal.
Attention! It is necessary to take into account the elongated shape of the can and build the composition so that the upper part is not empty.
Succulent semi-desert in a candy vase
Old candy vases can be a great solutionif you rethink their purpose. They initially differ in an unusual form, and a beautiful multi-colored sandy substrate and a small group of succulents will become a bright spot in any interior.
Vessels with complex geometric shapes became a trendy container for cacti. Sure, to collect such a capacity yourself, you have to tinker (dimensions, drawings, processing and gluing of parts), but the result will be impressive.
Another option for placing a geometric garden is chemical glassware, the main thing is that its size allows you to place it inside the plant.
Microcosm in a light bulb
Successfully blown incandescent lamps after a small modification (removal of the cartridge and viscera) will be an excellent vessel for a miniature garden.
For work you will need:
- tweezers long enough to plant plants inside the bulb;
The main difficulty will pick up small and slowly growing plants.
What to take a container for florarium
For florarium any container with transparent smooth walls is suitable. It could be:
- kitchen or laboratory glassware;
- vases (glass or ceramic);
- Christmas toys and incandescent lamps;
- do-it-yourself polyhedrons made of glass.
What equipment may be needed
Before starting work on creating a florarium, it is worth preparing all the necessary materials.
You will need the following consumables and tools:
- Drainage. Since the tank does not provide for drainage holes, the problem of moisture accumulation in the root zone is very relevant and needs to be worked out. Fine pebbles, coarse sand, brick chips, charcoal and expanded clay are suitable as drainage.
- Substrate. It is selected depending on the type of plants that will be placed in the florarium.
- Instruments. Tweezers, scissors, a set of garden tools for indoor flowers (shovel, rake), a syringe or pipette for watering, gloves.
- Decorative figures for decoration.
Succulents suitable for florarium: list with photo
Requirements for residents of the florarium - compact size (better up to 20 cm) slow growth and similar conditions of existence.
Succulent is very popular in the West. There are more than 600 species, and new varieties appear annually.
In the design of florariums, its outlets can serve as a central element of the composition, and to emphasize the main design idea.
This flowering plant with small pink, lilac and white flowers is distinguished by a restrained and hardy disposition. She does not need frequent watering, and fleshy leaves successfully retain moisture, which makes pharmacy suitable for growing in confined spaces.
Shrub and grassy varieties are found. Some species are able to bloom.
It has straight, vertically directed stems with a well-shaped leafy rosette at the top. He does not like high humidity, requires good lighting.
A plant with an exotic appearance. It features segmented creeping stems and star-shaped flowers. Unpretentious, but does not like direct sunlight.
Living stone - the popular name of the plant. The reason for this name was the rounded shape of the plant and its silver-green color. Succulent has a beautiful flowering and modest size.
He is also called a living stone, but his flowers are more like daisies. Leaf shapes can be very peculiar.
Echeveria rosettes externally resemble a rose, and its small size fits perfectly into the small volume of the florarium.
Unpretentious, does not like too high a concentration of moisture. Not all varieties tolerate direct sunlight on leaf plates.
These "living stones" can mimic, changing the color of the leaves to the color of the soil. They bloom, like bright lighting and not too humid air.
Mosses for florariums with photos
For the design of florarium, you can use both stabilized and living moss.
The advantage of stabilized moss is that all life processes in it are stopped by special preparations. This coating looks natural, but does not require maintenance.
On a note! Living moss is easy to find in the natural environment (near wells, on building walls, stones and trees).
It is enough to remove a small amount of moss together with the soil on which it grows, and place in a mini-garden.
Interesting that moss in the florarium does not require special conditions. It is enough to water it regularly and not expose it to direct sunlight. Over time, moss covers a significant part of the soil in the florarium, which allows you to build the main composition on it.
How to replace moss: other ground cover plants
Instead of moss you can plant Nerteta, it is also called "coral moss". In fact, this is a miniature herbaceous plant, which, under favorable conditions of existence, is covered with red, white, yellow and purple berries.
Another plant that can replace moss is Selaginella Krause and Selaginella Jory. They form dense caps of greenery that cover the soil without bald spots.
Florarium step by step
Creating a beautiful florarium requires careful study of the details.
Creating a composition
Any mini-garden primarily reflects the mood of the creator. There are several basic compositional styles, but there is no prohibition on mixing elements of different styles.
Basic compositional solutions:
- Desert and its variations. The basis of the composition is sand and stones. Small groups of succulents are planted in such florariums or focus on one plant.
- A tropical forest. This theme involves the formation of tiers and a multilayer composition.
- Stone desert. Very concise, but interesting design, involving the use of mosses and other ground cover plants. The center point is a group of stones or a large cobblestone imitating a rock.
In pots or in soil
Depending on the internal geometry of the florarium and stylistics part of the plants can be planted directly in the substrateand leave the others in pots, writing them into the composition or disguising them as other plants.
The emphasis in the design can be shifted from plants to the ground. Fantastic layering of sand and small stones allows you to deepen the overall composition.
In addition, layering soil solves another important task - removal of excess moisture from the roots of plants.
Possible variations in soil placement
Ground laying methods are directly dependent on plantsthat will inhabit the florarium.
- For succulents, you can pour a sand-stone mixture with a small addition of land, and this will be enough. For mosses, a rocky surface is suitable.
- Tropical floraums require nutritious, well-ventilated substrates. Therefore, when laying the soil, first of all, it is necessary to focus on the needs of the plants, and the effective design methods found on the network should be adapted to them.
Care for the florarium
The main point in the care of the mini-garden is the frequency of watering. It must be remembered that in a glass container, water evaporates much more slowly than in a pot, and the garden does not require frequent watering.
For convenience, you can purchase a pipette with a long nose or use a large syringe.
Florarium - a wonderful option for landscaping an apartmentwhich does not require significant effort. Unusual shape, compact size and minimum maintenance - all this makes the "garden in a bottle" a wonderful decoration of any interior.