Favorite variety of gardeners - Queen Elizabeth strawberry
The Queen Elizabeth strawberry variety was first bred more than twenty years ago in England. It is distinguished by large berries. This variety is early ripe and repair. Harvest can be obtained three times a year, starting in late May.
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Description of the variety “Queen Elizabeth”
The variety “Queen Elizabeth” is very popular among gardeners, let us consider its characteristics in more detail.
Strawberry bush large with glossy leaves of a light green color. On the sheet you can see the streaks.
Flowers and berries
In June, flower stalks are covered with white flowers, and by the end of the month the first fruits appear.
The fruits of this variety are dense and retain their shape when dropped. When ripening, the fruits become rounded-oblong. Color - bright red with a glossy sheen, as seen in the photo below.
With proper care, the fruits of strawberry generally reach 40 g, and with a mild summer they can grow up to 100 g. At the same time, they can resemble an apple in size.
Interesting! Tasting assessment of ripe berries is 4.3-4.5 points out of 5 possible.
Productivity is high. During the season, from one bush you can collect at least 1 kg of berries. It takes 8 hours of light to bear fruit.
Due to the dense structure, the berries are distinguished by good transportability, which allows the harvest to be transported without damage or loss in quality. Berries are well stored without loss of appearance and quality characteristics.
Among the main advantages of Queen Elizabeth strawberries are the following:
- earlier ripening. The bushes of this strawberry take root very quickly. Early flowering is also observed, and quickly the variety begins to bear fruit. Already in late May or early June, you can start harvesting;
- This grade belongs to repair. That is, during the season, the crop can be harvested three times, starting in late May and ending in early October;
- excellent variability of the variety. It should be noted that the plant survives well in a new place and at the same time tolerates transportation;
- large fruits. As noted above, berries of this variety can reach up to 40 g, and in a particularly productive year, the largest reach up to 100 g;
- high stability plants to all kinds of diseases. This variety is not afraid of diseases such as powdery mildew, brown spotting, gray rot;
- frost resistance varieties. This strawberry can easily tolerate temperatures up to 23 ° C;
- high yield. From one bush of the plant, you can collect about 1 to 1.5 kg;
- good taste strawberries. Juicy fruits are marked by the positive ratings of many experts. Their dense structure makes them transportable.
- low percentage of germination (50-60%);
- complex breeding process;
- low productivity of young plants.
Planting and reproduction
There are several ways to propagate this variety. It can be planting using seeds, using antennae and other methods. Let us briefly dwell on each of them.
The technology for growing strawberries from seeds can be represented as follows:
- it is best to start planting seeds in late February - early March. If it is possible to make additional illumination at the place of seed growth, then it is possible to plant at the end of January;
- for landing, a container with a height of about 12 cm will be required. It is filled with soil and wetted with water;
- then the seeds are laid out on the surface of the soil and evenly distributed on it. It should be remembered that they must be lightly applied to the soil. They can not be deeply buried in the ground, since strawberry seeds can germinate only in the light;
- in the next step, the container is covered with a glass cap or plastic wrap. Next, the tank is exposed on the bright side of the windowsill;
- Further, it is necessary to ensure access of fresh air under the glass cap or film. To do this, you must daily raise either one or the other for 10 minutes;
- it is also necessary to control soil moisture. It is better to use a spray gun;
- after 14-18 days, the first sprouts should appear. After this, it is necessary to increase the ventilation time daily to 30 minutes. Germination rate is low. 50-60% of seeds germinate;
- after the appearance of the second leaf on the seedlings, the plants must be planted in separate containers (cups);
- young seedlings must be watered very carefully and carefully monitor the soil moisture. Excess moisture can lead to negative consequences. In particular, the rosette of the plant may turn black, which will ultimately lead to the death of the plant;
- special attention should also be paid to lighting. If the room lacks daylight, then it is imperative to take care of an additional light source;
- after 120 days after germination, they can be transplanted to the garden. But for this, seedlings must be gradually prepared. It is necessary to take them out onto the street for several minutes every day, and then return them to their place.
Most often, Queen Elizabeth strawberries are propagated by mustache. In this way, planting can be carried out both in spring and in autumn.
Often, experienced gardeners prefer the second half of the summer, when the sockets are quite strong. In most cases, this helps increase the yield of new plants next year.
There is no need to leave a whole bed for this. It is enough to leave one bush - and in the end you will get about 10 antennae with good care of the plant. Therefore, the optimal number of bushes for seedlings would be 5-6 per bed. For seedlings, it is better to choose healthy, high-yielding plants that have yielded crops for 2 years.
The antennae on the plant appear during the flowering period of strawberries and their number increases after harvest.
Other breeding methods
Among other methods of propagation of Queen Elizabeth strawberries, the division of bushes can be noted.
For this method of reproduction, the strongest and most fruitful mother bushes are suitable. Their age should be about 2-3 years.
Important! It is better to choose the sprouts that are closest to the main bush, as they are the strongest and contribute to rapid rooting.
To separate the bush, plants are selected whose age is 2-3 years with a well-developed root system. It is better to separate them in the spring or in the fall.
For these purposes, the bush must first be dug up. Then it is divided in half and transplanted into pre-prepared wells. In this case, it is necessary to ensure that each detachable bush has its own outlet with leaves.
However, it should be remembered that the main characteristics of the variety are often not transmitted to the bushes, so this method of reproduction is extremely rare in practice.
Caring for strawberries “Elizabeth”
To obtain a good harvest, a significant role is given to competent plant care. To do this, you need to know how the plants are watered, what fertilizing is needed, what fertilizers will be needed, how bushes are transplanted.
When watering, you must remember that This plant is susceptible to moisture. That is, plants can not tolerate waterlogging.
However, regular watering will contribute to a good harvest.
It is best carried out in a drip manner, which will increase strawberry yield. To preserve moisture in the soil, it is often necessary to carefully loosen the ground near the rhizome.
If you took a lump of earth from the garden in your hand and, having squeezed it tightly, got a lump, you should wait a while with watering, but if the earth crumbles, then there is no moisture in the soil. Also, drooping leaves of the plant can say about a lack of moisture.
In dry weather, watering is best done every 2-3 days. In this case, the water is not very cold.
Important! When watering, you must also carefully monitor so that moisture drops do not fall on the flowers and fruits of strawberries.
Transplanting strawberry garden
It must be remembered that transplantation of this plant is carried out in a year, since the yield directly depends on how much the bush stayed in the garden. Here the rule applies: the longer the plant has been in the garden, the greater the yield can be obtained next year.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
Since the plant belongs to the repair grade, during the season it is greatly depleted and needs regular feeding. The optimal frequency of feeding is 7-10 days.
The first feeding is carried out after a week after planting in the ground. As a regular top dressing, it is better to use organic fertilizers.
For irrigation, an infusion of manure or bird droppings is suitable, infusions of nettle leaves or other greenery after fermentation are suitable. In order to prepare this top dressing, it is necessary to add a double volume of water to the feedstock. Cover it all tightly and put away in a warm place. We can say that top dressing is ready, after the appearance of a strong unpleasant odor. After that, the resulting product is diluted in a ratio of 1 to 15 if chicken litter was used, and 1 to 10 for the remaining ingredients.
Advice! For processing strawberry bushes, the best option would be to use infusion of wood ash.
Before the first crop is harvested, only foliar top dressing is required. To do this, with the advent of leafy buds, it is necessary to spray the bushes. Then these same manipulations are carried out with flowers and berries that have set in. The main emphasis must be placed on the inside of the leaflet.
As a top dressing, you can also use the following means:
- solutions that are prepared in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions, such as Plantafol, Agros, Hera and others;
- fertilizers containing nitrogen;
- a mixture of potassium nitrate, potassium permanganate and boric acid with water;
- a solution prepared from pressed or powdered yeast;
- whey or kefir, diluted in water.
After the crop is harvested, granules of fertilizers containing phosphorus and potassium should be scattered on the bed. It can be fertilizers of the type such as Autumn, Nitrophoska, wood ash.
Diseases and Pests
Many agronomists claim that strawberries are a stable plant and can grow calmly in rather difficult climatic conditions.
But it should be remembered that it is subject to the invasion of pests and susceptible to disease:
- spider mite. The main signs of its appearance can be called the formation of spots on leaves of beige-brown color. Treatment includes spraying bushes with onion peel decoction. You can also rinse the bushes with a soap solution. It is imperative to remove all affected leaves;
- weevil strawberry. It causes the blackening of the buds, which then fade and fall. To destroy it, an infusion of tobacco, mustard or pepper in combination with soap is suitable. Collection and destruction of already damaged foliage;
- strawberry nematode. Causes foliage deformation, which is easy to break. At the same time, strawberry fruits also become uneven and small. Rhizome is distinguished by white swelling. To eradicate problems, it is best to plant calendula or marigolds in the neighborhood. Fumigation with a sulfur checker may help;
- slugs. Their appearance is also accompanied by the formation of holes in the berries. As measures of control, one can advise the constant mulching of the earth with the help of needles, ash or eggshells;
- rot is gray. The main symptom of its appearance is a gray coating on the leaves, which is also characterized by black patches. To destroy it, you can use dusting ash.
What does the Queen Elizabeth strawberry variety look like, see the video below for more details: