Productivity of tomato "Katya" with ease of care - a gardener's dream
The breeders Yu.B. worked on the creation of a hybrid tomato variety Katya. Alekseev and S.V. Balabanyuk. The project was ordered by the Semko-Junior company. The first generation hybrid was added to the State Register of Russia 10 years ago, but has already gained distribution in the country.
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Attention! For sowing, you cannot use seeds collected from Katya tomatoes, because the genes will split in the second generation, and it will not be possible to grow plants corresponding to the parent form.
Although for growing it is necessary to buy a new package of seeds every year, the hybrid pleases with the excellent palatability of the fruit, almost does not undergo diseases.
The first crop can be harvested already 75-80 days after seed germination.
Tomato plantings can grow in greenhouse conditions, but experts recommend growing in seedlings, followed by transshipment in open ground.
Care should be taken to easily cover the tomato plants with a film from return frosts, to ensure timely watering and mulch the beds in order to reduce the labor costs of growing a hybrid.
The plant reaches a height of 60 cm. The bush is determinant. The tomato forms few leaves, so it does not need frequent thinning of the green mass.
The leaves on the bushes are green, simple in shape. The first brush begins to form on the 5-7th sheet.
Grown in 2 stems, for tying use low pegs.
Summer residents can plant a hybrid near a low fence, so as to grow tied to a support. Even a film shelter is prudently open from the ends for air access.
Flowers and fruits
Lays down simple inflorescences, up to 15 ovaries in a single brush, normally 7-8. Each fruit reaches a weight of 80 to 120 g.
All tomatoes are aligned in size, without ribbing, slightly flattened on top, have a flat-round shape.
Seeds are few, only 3 in each seed nest. The fetus has 3-5 chambers. The dry matter percentage is 4.6.
When ripening, the fruits change color from light green to bright red, the color of the fruits is uniform, without spots or interspersed with a different color.
The pleasant taste with a sweet note makes the Katya tomatoes suitable not only for making fresh salads, but also for preparing juice and tomato paste. The dense pulp of the fruit contains retinol, carotene, and B vitamins.
Hybrid "Katya" refers to ultra-early tomatoes, even with a low height of the bush shows productivity of 8-10 kg from each square meter of the area in the open ground.
When grown in greenhouse conditions and in compliance with agricultural technology, increases the performance of 12-15 kg from 1 square. m
Among the general collection produces high marketability of fruits - up to 94%. Tomatoes ripen evenly, stored for a long time without loss of presentation.
Fruits are not prone to cracking, have a high density. Suitable for transportation, during transportation do not lose their original appearance.
For the purpose of selling, it is recommended that tomatoes be removed in blange ripeness so that they acquire a rich red hue in a few days.
Fruits that have a presentation in the output, after harvesting, amount to 95%.
The hybrid has another variety - “Pink Katya”, repeating all its qualities, if you do not take into account the color of the fruit.
Lovers of ultra-early tomatoes with pink colored fruits will receive a high-yield crop on day 80 after seed germination.
The hybrid also grows to 60 cm, has rounded dense fruits up to 120 g, transportable, resistant to a number of diseases, tolerates drought.
When landing, adhere to a 30 by 70 cm pattern.
When grown under a film, it yields up to 18 kg per square meter of area.
Important! For sale, hybrids "Katya" and "Pink Katya" are grown, capable of withstanding long-term transportation without losing the quality of the fruit. Although the sugar content of tomatoes is lower relative to the “Bull Heart”, but buyers are massively buying fruits for preservation.
Gardeners are wary of hybrids, which often sin in a mediocre taste, and the fruits are too hard to use in salads.
If you pay attention to planting, fertilizing under each bush and shade on hot days, the tomato "Katya" will satisfy even high demands regarding the quality of the fruit.
- high early maturity - the crop begins to ripen on 75-80 days after the appearance of sprouts;
- unpretentiousness to soil;
- commercial quality of delicious fruits;
- with a low bush, not many leaves grow, so the plant spends all its strength on the ripening of the fruits;
- high productivity, quality is especially evident in greenhouse cultivation;
- resistance to typical diseases of nightshade crops;
- the bushes tolerate temperature extremes, withstand several days without watering;
- attractive round shape of tomatoes, juicy pulp;
- uniform ripening of fruits;
- preservation of commercial quality during long-term transportation;
- the possibility of ripening in the room, if you pick brown fruits before freezing;
- agricultural technology is simple, if there is no way to devote time to care, then you do not even need to tie or pinch.
The hybrid is almost devoid of flaws, although there are insignificant minuses:
- tendency to brittle branches under the weight of the fruit;
- in wet weather, it is affected by tomato mosaic and phomosis.
Attention! To prevent the bushes from breaking, you should tie them to the support in advance. And from fungal diseases, it is recommended to spray the plants with Bordeaux liquid or a 5% solution of potassium permanganate.
Photo tomato “Katya”
Planting and reproduction
Starting from the second decade of March, they begin to sow. Seeds are pre-placed for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganateThen spread on a damp cloth to swell.
With the advent of root buds, the prepared material should be sown in a box filled with purchased soil or a mixture of garden soil and sand.
Soil before sowing is poured with boiling water or calcined in the oven to destroy wintering larvae of pests.
They compact the earth in a box, make shallow grooves with a ruler, spread the seeds with tweezers and sprinkle with soil. Gently spray with boiled water, wrap in polyethylene, put before germination in a warm place. As soon as the sprouts begin to break through, the shelter is removed, and the boxes are rearranged closer to the sun.
So that tomato plants "Katya" do not stretch out, you should take care of a timely pick. Before transplanting, seedling boxes are spilled with water, plants are taken out along with a lump of earth, they try to shorten the root system by a third.
Dive one plant into a separate container, deepen to the bottom leaves when planting. Slightly compact the soil near the root neck, watered with standing water, provide protection from direct sunlight.
Before planting in open ground conditions, it is necessary to harden the seedlings so that they do not die from the temperature difference. They take the plants out onto the street first for a few hours, later they leave them for the whole day. As soon as the stems of the tomatoes get stronger, they change color from greenish to bluish, the time has come to start planting in the garden.
Attention! Weak seedlings with thin stems will die after a couple of days, if you do not provide them with additional film shelter. When planting, they maintain a distance between plants of 50 cm.
Care for tomatoes "Katya" consists in regular cultivation, removal of weeds. To avoid evaporation of moisture, the bushes should be mulched with peat or rotted manure. Hilling every 3 weeks activates root growth, promotes good nutrition of the bush, and as a result becomes a guarantee of an abundant harvest of marketable fruits.
Watering is planned for the evening. Under each bush, 0.9 l of water is poured every 2 days.
Additional watering is needed before loosening the soil, during the formation of the ovary, along with the application of fertilizers.
If the weather is hot, then water more often, with high humidity - watering is reduced to a minimum. They do not allow overflow in order to prevent root decay, outbreaks of late blight disease.
Stepson and garter
Hybrid "Katya" does not need to be stepsoned, but if there is time, the lower stepsons are cut or broken off.
The procedure is carried out in the morning, and the sun's rays will help the wounds heal. Evening removal of stepsons will lead to decay of the wound surface, loss of the entire bush.
Tomatoes are grown in 2 stems, but if you form 3 stems, then the plant does not have enough strength to provide fruit with useful substances. Instead of the declared 120 g of each fruit, peas will grow.
One of the shortcomings of breeders when breeding a hybrid is the fragility of branches. The property is taken into account when planting, so immediately drive a peg into the hole or plant tomatoes near the supporting wall.
Fertilizer and fertilizing
After rooting the bushes on the site, start feeding.
Should stir a liter of mullein in a 10-liter bucket of water, and add no more than 20 g of superphosphate to the mixture.
First, plants are watered with settled water, after which the prepared solution is poured. The declared amount is sufficient for root dressing of 10 plants.
After a couple of weeks, fertilizer is allowed with dry mineral fertilizers, which are embedded in the soil when weeding, after which they are watered and mulched.
If desired, they are fed green fertilizer under the root or along the leaves. To do this, store all the weed weeds in a barrel, fill it with water, wait for the fermentation. In a bucket of water, 1 l of the mixture is diluted, watered 0.9 l for each plant.
Growing varieties in a greenhouse
In regions with a prevalence of subzero temperatures, it is advisable to cultivate the crop in the greenhouse. Under shelter, the plant grows above a meter, so it is enough to grow in one stem. Monitor humidity and heat so that the temperature does not exceed 30 ° C.
In the heat, the pollen becomes sterile and the tomatoes do not set fruit. When growing a hybrid in a greenhouse, they recommend shaking flowering plants to get a good harvest.
Diseases and Pests
The Katya hybrid justifies its stated resistance to a number of typical tomato diseases, but suffers from pest attacks. When planting tomatoes in the open ground, poisonous granules from the bear, scoop larvae and chafer beetle should be poured into each hole:
- Scoop eats the green mass of plants, gets into the inner chamber of the fruit, causes an outbreak of fungal diseases;
- Maybug Larvae capable of destroying a plantation with young plantings in a matter of hours, therefore, they process the roots of plants in a solution of Anti-Crush;
- Destroy landing aphid colony, which spreads throughout the plant, drawing vital juices from it. Spraying with any insecticide, Ratibor can be used.
Important! All spraying work is put off in the evening, so that the temperature drops to 20 ° C. At a higher temperature, the drug begins to evaporate, and its effectiveness decreases significantly.
Find out more about Katya tomatoes from the video below:
If you want to provide the family with the earliest tomatoes, you should turn to the Katya hybrid. Even a novice will be able to germinate seedlings, provide plants with simple care in open ground or film shelter. No need to build complex structures for garter bushes, just drive a few pegs to get an abundant crop of quality fruits.