Gatzania: growing from seeds at home, when to plant, tricks
At home, in South Africa, gatzania grown as a perennial garden flower, undemanding to growing conditions. The plant easily tolerates heat, drought, takes root in sandy and rocky soils.
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In a temperate and cold climate, it is recommended to grow an exotic chamomile as an annual plant, or transfer garden flowers for the winter to a warm room.
With recommendations on when to plant gatsaniya, and what conditions are necessary for the flowering of luxurious African chamomile, you can find below.
How to determine the time of sowing gatsanii?
The term for planting African chamomile directly depends on the climatic and weather conditions of the region where the plant is grown. It must be borne in mind that gatsaniya enters the flowering phase 3 months after the appearance of the first sprouts.
Flowering in African chamomile is long. With the right timing for planting seeds for seedlings, the first garden flowers bloom in early summer, and delight the eye until late autumn.
TIP! In the southern latitudes, sowing of seeds for seedlings begins in the first decade of February. For the northern regions, it is recommended to plan planting operations at the beginning or middle of April.
How to prepare planting material for sowing
Flower seeds purchased in specialized stores and garden centers do not require additional processing before planting in the ground. If planting material is collected independently, the seeds are carefully inspected before planting, sifting out rotten and damaged specimens. Next, the seeds are treated with a solution of manganese and a growth stimulator, and only after the measures taken are planted in a fertile soil mixture.
Gatsaniya varieties, which is better to choose
There are many varieties and varieties of African chamomile, differing in the shape and shade of flowers.
Gatzania is characterized by small size, up to 25-30 centimeters in height. But during the flowering period, huge multi-colored inflorescences blooming on a herbaceous plant, reaching in diameter from 10 to 13 centimeters.
Depending on the variety and variety, the flowers can be burgundy, purple, red, yellow, white and multicolor.
- Single-flower Gatsaniya variety is characterized by compact size of bushes, a height of not more than 15 centimeters. During flowering, small inflorescences appear on the plants, blooming with yellow flowers.
- Longshot the plant variety also has small bushes and bright yellow flowers with a brown base of the petals.
- White littert of an exotic flower is unpretentious to sunlight.
- For cirrus African chamomile varieties are characterized by bushes up to 30 centimeters high and an unusual color of blooming flowers. The flowers themselves can have a different shade, but in the center of each petal, a bright, contrasting strip passes.
- But the most exotic is peacock a variety of gatzania. Bushes up to 30-35 centimeters high with narrow leafy plates and bright, multicolor inflorescences.
IMPORTANT! Full disclosure of inflorescences occurs only in the presence of the sun. After daylight hours, the petals close. Inflorescences do not open on a cloudy day.
When to sow gatsaniya on seedlings in 2020 according to the lunar calendar?
From the correct timing of planting seeds, the further development and plant health depends. Therefore, experienced gardeners and gardeners plan planting events, relying on the lunar calendar.
Sowing operations must be excluded during the new moon or full moon. Also unfavorable for landing operations are considered the day before and after the full moon and new moon.
In February and March, it is best to plan work on the last days of the first decade of the month and the first days of the third decade of the month.
In April and May, planting events are held from 5 to 10 and from 21 to 24.
Favorable days for sowing gatsaniya in 2020 depending on the month
To enjoy the bloom of gatsaniya throughout the summer period, it is necessary to choose more favorable days for planting seeds.
- IN February recommended landing from 1 to 8, 20 and from 24 to 29 number.
- IN march the most favorable days for sowing seeds are considered the second decade of the month from 11 to 17 number. Also suitable for planting flowers days 3 to 6 March and from 24 to 28 Martha.
- If sowing seeds is planned in aprilchoose 1 to 5, 13 to 18, or 24 to 29 number.
- In northern latitudes, seed planting is carried out at the beginning may, 5 to 8 number. The second decade of the month is also suitable for sowing. from 11 to 16 May and several days in the third decade, from 25 to 27th.
For the southern regions from early spring, seeds can be planted to grow seedlings in late January. In this case, in May, the garden and flower beds will be decorated with bright, beautiful flowers.
There are unfavorable days for planting garden flowers.
In February and March, it is undesirable to carry out planting events between the 19th and 24th. Also unsuccessful for growing seedlings is the 9th of these months.
In April and May, it was not recommended to carry out planting on the 8th, 19th, 22nd and 23rd.
IMPORTANT! Seedlings planted these days grows weak, painful, and does not tolerate planting in open ground, which affects the quality of flowering gatsanii.
When to plant depending on the region?
When growing seedlings, it is necessary to take into account the thermophilicity of the African flower. In various regions, planting activities are planned based on climatic and weather conditions.
In Moscow and Moscow region
For the Moscow region and Moscow region, it is recommended to plan the sowing of seeds for the second or third decade of March.
In the middle lane
In a temperate climate of the middle zone, planting activities are carried out in the first decade of March.
In the Urals
Due to harsh climatic conditions and late spring, it is recommended that the planting of exotic seeds for seedlings be postponed to early or mid-April.
To get healthy seedlings of African chamomile in the Siberian region, sowing is carried out from late March to late April.
In the Leningrad region
For residents of St. Petersburg and the Leningrad Region, it is recommended to start planting events at the end of March.
How to choose a capacity for landing?
Planting work begins with the choice of capacity for growing seedlings. In flower shops you can buy special cassettes, peat pots or tablets. Also, as a container for plants, small wooden boxes, plastic containers, glasses or flower pots are suitable. The containers are thoroughly washed under running water, scalded, drainage holes are punched on the bottom to drain excess moisture.
Gatsaniya planting seeds step by step
The soil mixture for growing flowers is purchased in specialized stores or made independently. To do this, garden soil is mixed with peat and sand. The resulting mixture is disinfected with a solution of manganese or heated in an oven.
- At the bottom of the tank lay a drainage layer of fine stone or gravel.
- A fertile soil mixture is laid on top, leaving a distance of 2 centimeters to the edge of the tank.
- The soil is carefully moistened, and seed material is laid on the surface of the soil.
- The distance between landings is observed within 2.5-3 centimeters. If individual containers are used, then 1 seed is placed in each of them.
- Sprinkle the seeds from above with soil and moisten from a spray bottle.
- Capacities with landings are covered with plastic film.
After planting, containers with plants are transferred to a warm room and left until the shoots appear.
IMPORTANT! Before the shoots appear, the film is lifted daily for 20-30 minutes for ventilation.
What depth should I plant?
Depends on the seed planting depth, how quickly the sprouts appear. In light, loose soil, the seeds are deepened by 4-5 millimeters. If the soil is dense, clayy, the seeds are planted 2.5-3 mm in depth.
How to plant in peat tablets?
Peat tablets for sowing gatzania are prepared in advance. The tablets are soaked in warm water for 20-30 minutes. After the time has expired, excess moisture is removed, and a landing hole is made in the center of the tablet, with a depth of up to 5 millimeters. A seed is placed in each well and sprinkled with peat.
How to care for seedlings of gatsaniya, what tricks?
The first shoots appear on the 6-9th day after planting events. As soon as sprouts appeared from the ground, the covering material is removed, and the containers with plants are transferred to a well-lit room. For proper growth and development, seedlings need a long daylight, otherwise the sprouts stretch, become weak, often get sick.
Gatsaniya seeds have sprouted, what to do next?
Seedlings also require timely watering, top dressing and picking.
Water the flowers with warm, settled water. During watering, moisture must be avoided on plant leaves. Irrigation measures are carried out as necessary, preventing both waterlogging of the soil and complete drying of the earth.
How to feed gatsaniya seedlings?
If the seeds are planted in a purchased universal soil mixture, additional fertilizing is not required. In other cases, mineral and organic substances are used to fertilize seedlings, strictly following the instructions on the packages with the preparations.
Gatsaniya Dive Rules
The pick of plants is carried out by the method of planting bushes in different containers with fertile soil. They start work as soon as 3-4 real leaflets appear on the plants.
Is it possible to sow seeds immediately in open ground?
It is recommended to sow gatsaniya seeds in open ground only under the condition of a warm, southern climate. Plants do not tolerate a sharp temperature drop and return frost, therefore, in the middle lane and in the northern latitudes, African chamomile is grown only by the seedling method.
When to plant seedlings in open ground?
The transfer of plants to a permanent place of growth depends on the weather conditions of the growing region. In the southern latitudes, the gatsaniya transplant begins in mid-April. In a temperate climate, planting is carried out in mid-May. And in the northern, cold regions, the timing of the transfer of gatsaniya to the infield is shifted to the end of May or the beginning of June.
Frequently Asked Questions
To avoid mistakes when growing an exotic flower, you need to study the answers to the questions below.
What to buy soil for growing seedlings?
African multi-colored chamomile is unpretentious to the composition of the soil. But for better growth and development of seedlings, it is recommended to purchase universal soil for garden flowers.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
For seeds to germinate faster, use professional growth stimulants for garden plants. Such drugs are purchased in flower shops or garden centers. To disinfect planting material, a solution of manganese is used.
Why don't seeds germinate?
If the shift does not sprout for a long time, most likely, the planting material purchased is not of high quality. Also, the seeds may rot in too moist soil or planting is done too deep.
Why soak the seeds?
Many professional flower growers recommend that the day before planting in the soil, the seeds are wrapped in natural fabric and soaked in warm water. Such an event accelerates the germination of planting material.
How to harden gatsaniya seedlings?
For 10-12 days before transplanting seedlings in open ground, hardening of plants is carried out. For this, containers with landings are daily taken outside, and left there for 2-3 hours. After the measures taken, plants are easier to take root at a permanent place of residence.
What to do if gatsaniya seedlings do not grow?
If the seedlings have stopped growing, then the plants are experiencing some stress. Discomfort can cause improper lighting, violation of watering schedules, lack of nutrients in the soil. In this case, it is necessary to establish the cause of the trouble and correct the situation.
Based on the foregoing, we can conclude that gatzania, although an exotic flower, but subject to certain conditions, easily takes root in any climatic zone.