When and how to plant a radish: planting and care in the open ground
One of the first crops in each summer season gives radishes. This root crop is not as popular as tomatoes, cucumbers, and even more so potatoes. But the vegetable is used in the preparation of salads, indispensable for proper nutrition, rich in vitamins and has a lot of useful properties.
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This time we will talk about planting and caring for radishes. You will also learn how to choose the right time for sowing, and what subtleties of cultivation exist.
How to determine the time of sowing radishes?
Unlike most other vegetables, radishes prefer cooler weather. In the heat, it becomes bitter, woody and tasteless. In addition, radish sings better with a short (up to 12 hours) daylight. When it gets warm, the radish releases arrows and begins to bloom.
All this leads to the fact that radishes are sown in the spring, when the air still does not have time to get very warm. Or, conversely, in the second half of summer, when the air temperature begins to gradually drop.
Radish seeds can be sown already in mid-April, when the time comes for basic summer cottage work. Its seeds begin to germinate at +3, but the optimum growing temperature is +16 degrees. In this weather, radish will sprout for 4 days already. The lower the temperature, the longer you have to wait for seedlings. But an increase in temperature will lead to a buildup of green mass and shooting.
How to prepare planting material for sowing
Seed material is prepared in the same way as for other crops.
Calibration is first performed to rule out dummies. To do this, all grains are placed in saline for a quarter hours. Floated grains are thrown away, and drowned ones are washed with clean water and dried.
Next, disinfection and soaking are carried out in growth stimulants. You can combine these procedures if you soak the grains in a solution of hydrogen peroxide (a teaspoon of the product in a glass of water). Soaking time is 24 hours.
IMPORTANT! Landing should be carried out immediately after the procedure.
Varieties of radish, which is better to choose
Early varieties ripen by about 25 days after sowing, mid-ripening spirits on day 35, and late on 45. Knowing the maturity of each variety, planting can be planned in such a way as to have a vegetable crop throughout the season.
Among the ripening varieties, you can choose Cherry Bele, Lanket, Camelot, Okhotsk, No. 6, Chupa-chups.
From mid-season varieties, we advise you to pay attention to Mokhovsky, Heat, Red Giant, Icicle, Zlata.
Later varieties: Rampoush, Autumn giant, Dungan 12/8, etc.
When to sow radish in 2020 according to the lunar calendar, favorable days for sowing
Radish is a root crop. So, in accordance with the lunar calendar, you need to plant it on a dying moon. This phase will be most favorable for sowing this vegetable.
Table. Favorable days for sowing radish seeds in 2020
Bad days for sowing radishes in 2020
The new moon and full moon will be a bad time to plant radish.
Table. New moon and full moon in March - August 2020
|Month||New moon||Full moon|
ON A NOTE. Experienced gardeners gardening on the lunar calendar say that it is undesirable to sow in the afternoon before the new moon and full moon and in the morning after these lunar phases.
When and why it is better not to plant radishes
The radish ripens very quickly (from 25 to 40 days), and the temptation to grow it in the garden all year round is great. But do not do it. In mid-summer, when the temperature stably stays above 25 degrees, the radish loses all those qualities for which it is valued.
In general, we can say that from mid-June to mid-August it is better not to grow root crops, unless the summer is cold.
When to plant depending on the region?
Depending on the region, the timing of sowing radishes varies. Consider the approximate dates of planting vegetables in the main agricultural regions of the country.
In Moscow and the Moscow Region
At the dachas of the capital region and nearby industries, it is possible to plant vegetables starting in the second half of April.
In the middle lane
A little south of Moscow, sowing can be done already in the second April decade. In warmer years, landing can be done in the first days of April.
In the Urals
In the foothills of the Urals, sowing of this root crop can be planned for the May holidays.
In the Siberian regions, vegetable sowing is also planned mainly for the last April and first May days.
In the Leningrad region
In the Leningrad Region, the landing time is the same as in the Urals and Siberia - the last days of April and the first decade of May.
Then you can plant radish
This root crop can be safely sown after almost all vegetables except relatives - cruciferous, namely cabbage, radish, daikon, etc.
Radish feels well in the beds where tomatoes, peppers, and cucumbers grew.
INTERESTING! Radishes will be an excellent predecessor of tomatoes. Therefore, at the beginning of the season, root crops can be grown in the beds, and then tomato seedlings can be planted in the same place.
Joint radish planting
If you practice crop rotation at your site and try to find the best neighbors for each crop, then you need to know that radish grows well next to nasturtium, in the aisle of bush beans and peas.
Also, the "friendship" of the root with melon, zucchini, spinach, carrots, garlic, potatoes. Interestingly, radishes can stimulate the growth of grapes! Rhubarb will be a bad neighbor.
How to choose a radish planting site
If onions and garlic are planted on a dais, then radishes, on the contrary, try to plant as low as possible. The beds, if possible, are made low and even located below the rest of the crops. All this is done so that moisture is retained longer in root crops, saturating them.
It is also important to remember that radish is very fond of light, so you need to plant seeds in an open space with constant access to sunlight. But the place needs to be chosen so that in the afternoon, in the heat of the day, the radish is sheltered from the scorching rays of the sun.
It will be most successful if you can arrange the crops in such a way that from noon to evening the beds with radishes protect shrubs or trees from the sun.
Planting radishes with seeds step by step
You can buy radish seeds, or you can harvest them yourself by letting the vegetable bloom and collecting the resulting seeds.
The sowing algorithm is simple.
- Determine the place of sowing and prepare it.
- Make shallow grooves (1-2 cm) and spill them with water.
- Between the rows of crops should be about 8-10 cm.
- Next, sow the seeds so that there is about 4 cm between them.
- Sprinkle gently with loose soil.
- Then lightly compact the soil so that there are no voids in it. No need to push too hard. Slam very lightly.
- If the beds are planted too early, you can cover them with foil, spanbond or any other covering material.
What depth should I plant?
Seeds should be covered with a layer of soil no more than 2 cm. If you make a deeper planting, then there is a great chance to remain completely without a crop, since the fruits will not be able to set.
At what distance should I land?
No more than 10 cm is left under the aisles, and grains are placed at a distance of 4 cm (for round varieties) to 7 cm (for long varieties).
You can sow planting material in bulk, but then you will definitely have to thin out plantings. This is unnecessary labor, and, in addition, a great chance to damage the roots of neighboring plants.
How to care for seedlings of radishes, what tricks?
Caring for radish seedlings is no different from caring for other root crops. The soil needs to be loosened, weeds removed, thinning from time to time, and also watered, fed and protected from pests and diseases.
Radish seeds have sprouted, what to do next?
If you covered the crops with a spanbond or mulch, then the covering material can be removed.
Then begins the usual care of root crops. Hilling, weeding, thinning seedlings, loosening the soil - these are the main activities that need to be addressed after the appearance of radish sprouts from the ground.
What to feed after germination?
If you applied fertilizer to the soil before planting, then no additional fertilizing is needed. Otherwise, carry out one feeding with a solution of chicken manure or ammonium nitrate. You will need to dissolve 20 g of the drug in a bucket of water and gently pour the crops.
No more nitrogen fertilizing is needed.
When the root crop begins to form and pour, it will be possible to feed with a weak ash solution - 100 g per bucket of water.
Ways to plant radishes
There are several ways to plant root crops in your area. Consider the most common.
Several parallel grooves are made into which seeds are sown at a distance of 3-7 cm.
This is perhaps the most common way to land.
Using cartridges from under the eggs or any other devices, grooves are made in the square prepared plot of soil. One seed is sown in each well.
This method is suitable for those summer residents who are limited in space or simply do not want to make narrow long beds.
Outdoor radish care
It is most convenient to grow radishes immediately in open ground. Although it grows well in the greenhouse. You can also sow seedlings first.
Leaving, in general, is not difficult. But it is important to monitor the humidity of the earth where root crops sit. It is also very important to weed the beds and thin out the shoots. These measures are needed so that root crops have room for growth.
How to water
Radish is a moisture-loving plant. From a lack of moisture, it may not form a root crop at all. Therefore, you need to water the vegetable regularly, on dry days, twice a day - in the morning and in the evening.
As soon as the first leaf appears, watering should be carried out regularly, if you do not want to get a crop of bitter and small root crops.
The general rule is that the soil should be moist, but not swampy. And be sure to loosen to provide air access to the root crop.
What and when to feed
Radishes can be fed with a mixture of mineral components or organic organic fertilizer. Adding nutritional compounds is best when digging the ground.
A complex mineral composition can be prepared from 30 grams of potassium sulfide and 15 grams of urea. Before winter, when digging the soil in the place of the future planting of radishes, 40 grams of superphosphate and 30 grams of potassium sulfide can be added. All this per square meter of landings.
Organic fertilizer consumption rate - 10 buckets of humus or compost per one hundred square meters.
IMPORTANT! You can’t feed with fresh organic. Manure should overreact.
Pest and Disease Control
In general, radish is a vegetable quite resistant to diseases and pests. Nevertheless, with poor care (irregular watering, soil loosening, etc. is not carried out), the root crop can be sick with downy mildew, black spotting, keel.
To increase the resistance of the vegetable to disease, the seeds must be treated with different fungicides before planting.
If the disease has already manifested itself, then fungicides should be used - Phytosporin, Planriz, Binoram, etc.
Of the pests, garden fleas and cabbage fly are most often found. You can get rid of parasites by dusting with ash or tobacco.
How to Harvest Multiple Radish Harvests for a Season
The undeniable value of radish is that this vegetable ripens quickly, which makes it possible for the summer resident to collect several crops for 1 season.
Frequently Asked Questions
We will answer some common questions about growing radishes in open ground.
What soil does radish like?
In general, the vegetable does not have any special requirements for the soil and is able to grow literally everywhere. But most of all he loves loose nutrient soils. The reaction should be neutral or slightly acidic.
The root crop can be grown even on heavy or poor sandy loamy soils. But for this you will have to generously feed humus - up to 30 kg per hundred square meters.
How can seeds be stimulated for further growth?
It is best to use proven drugs. Such as Epin, Zircon, Energen and their analogues.
Why don't seeds germinate?
If the seedlings do not appear for too long, then you either planted the seeds too deeply, or the planting material was of poor quality. Better sowing, the benefit of radish sprouts quickly enough.
Do I need to soak the seeds before planting?
It is advisable to carry out this procedure to disinfect the seed and stimulate life processes.
Do I need to germinate the seeds?
If you are soaking, then nothing else needs to be done. The seed coat will soften and germinate faster.
Is it possible to grow radish seedlings
There is no point in growing radish seedlings. The vegetable ripens very quickly, and you only spend your energy and time on seedlings. It is best to sow grains immediately in open ground.
Consider the most common mistakes that summer residents make when growing radishes:
- Late landing. Unlike other vegetables, this root crop likes cooler weather. In the warmth, the radish begins to shoot and "turns woody."
- Too deep landing. 1-2 cm is the ideal depth for growing radishes.
- Irregular watering. Fruits may not start or, on the contrary, grow crooked and tasteless.
- Landing on a hill. This leads to a lack of moisture.
- Too thick fit, because of which root crops simply do not have room for growth and weight gain.
- Landing after cruciferous. Here you can mention the cultivation of radishes for several years in the same place. The soil is depleted, and the crop is sparse.
- Improper care or lack thereof. The beds must be weeded and loosened, otherwise the weeds will “strangle” the seedlings.
- Feeding with fresh manure. This error entails the formation of hollow root crops and the loss of taste of radish.
Radish is not the main vegetable in the garden, but it is often added to salads, okroshka, and consumed raw. The root crop has long been one of the symbols of proper and healthy nutrition. It is not at all difficult to grow it, if you follow the basic rules for planting and caring for a vegetable.